Video game addiction will become a recognized mental health disorder in 2018

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has included “gaming disorder” in a draft of its upcoming 11th International Classification of Diseases—a book used by researchers and doctors to track and diagnose disease—describing it as “a pattern of persistent or recurrent gaming behaviour” that may include impaired control over gaming activities, and is severe “to the extent that gaming takes precedence over other life interests and daily activities.”

The entry suggests these symptoms need normally be present for a period of at least 12 months to justify a diagnosis. WHO did not include prevention or treatment options for the disorder.

Experts have long debated whether video game addiction should be considered a mental health disorder. A 2009 study in the journal Psychological Science estimated that 8.5% of US youth between the ages of 8 and 18 who played video games also showed signs of behavioral addiction to those games. Proponents of classifying video game addiction as a disorder say that it’s not so different from addiction to drugs and alcohol.

But others have argued that the WHO’s classification is scientifically unsound. “This was a very poorly thought out decision [by the WHO],” Chris Ferguson, a psychology professor at Stetson University in Florida who has studied how video games impact society, told Gizmodo. “The evidence we now have suggests that ‘gaming disorder’ is merely symptomatic of other, underlying mental health problems and that gaming is often used as a coping mechanism for these problems.”

The recognition of “gaming disorder” in the International Classification of Diseases will mean insurance companies are more likely to reimburse video game addiction treatment centers.

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Best Superfoods for Weight Loss

superfoods

Slimming superfoods

So-called superfoods are nutritional powerhouses that help build bones, prevent chronic diseases, improve your eyesight, and even keep your mind sharp. But did you know new evidence suggests these foods can also help you get—and stay—slim.

black bean

Black beans

A cup of black beans packs a whopping 15 grams of satisfying protein and doesn’t contain any of the saturated fat found in other protein sources, like red meat.

oats

Oats

Oats are rich in fiber, so a serving can help you feel full throughout the day. Just a half cup packs 4.6 grams of Resistant Starch, a healthy carb that boosts metabolism and burns fat.

avocado

Avocados

There’s no reason to be afraid of eating fats—as long as they’re the right fats.

Oleic acid, a compound in avocados’ healthy monounsaturated fats (MUFAs), may trigger your body to actually quiet hunger. Stick to a quarter or a half of an avocado and watch that belly fat melt away. The creamy fruit is also packed with fiber and protein.

salmon

Salmon

Lean sources of protein help you feel full without adding fat. However, 50% of women ages 18 to 50 don’t know if they get enough of this essential nutrient.

Up your intake with salmon; it’s a leaner choice than red meat and is chock-full of MUFAs to boot. A 2001 study found that dieters eating a MUFA-rich diet lost an average of 9 pounds, while their low-fat diet counterparts gained, on average, 6.

berries

Blueberries

Best known for their anti-aging effects, blueberries, while tiny, are a powerful figure-friendly eat: A 1-cup serving sets you back only 80 calories, and helps you feel full with 4 grams of fiber.

broccoli

Broccoli

Cooked or raw, this cruciferous veggie is well-known for its cancer-preventing.

brown rice

Brown rice

Brown rice is a heartier, fiber-packed alternative to less-than-super white rice. A half-cup serving contains 1.7 grams of Resistant Starch, a healthy carb that boosts metabolism and burns fat.

Plus, brown rice is a low-energy-density food, meaning it’s heavy and filling but low in calories. One study found that women who ate a higher-energy-density diet gained three times as much weight over six years than women eating a low-energy-density diet.

powers, but with a punch of filling fiber in less than 30 calories a serving, it’s bound to prevent weight problems too.

pears

Pears

Just one pear packs 15% of your daily recommended amount of fiber. One study found that women who ate three pears a day consumed fewer calories and lost more weight than those who didn’t. Ditch the peeler though; the skin is where all that filling fiber is hiding!

wine

Wine

Resveratrol, the famed antioxidant found in grape skin, stops fat storage. Studies show that moderate wine drinkers have narrower waists and less belly fat than liquor drinkers. Downing a glass can boost your calorie burn for a good 90 minutes.

Grapefruit21

Grapefruit

Even if you changed nothing else about your diet, eating half a grapefruit before each meal may help you lose up to a pound a week!

A compound in the tangy fruit can lower insulin, a fat-storage hormone, and that can lead to weight loss. It’s also a good source of protein, and because it’s at least 90% water, it can fill you up so you eat less.

beans

Kidney beans

One of several varieties of beans to make the list, red beans offer protein and fiber (more than 5 grams per serving!). Kidney beans are also rich in Resistant Starch; a 1/2-cup serving packs nearly 2 grams of this slimming carb.

 

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how safe really is it for pregnant women to opt for multiple scans?

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Are multiple scans doing more harm than good?

In the UK, research by parenting site ChannelMum.com suggests almost one-third of pregnant women pay for private scans as well as having the routine NHS ultrasounds, and while 20% of those who have extra scans fork out for two, 18pc pay for at least three, and one in 50 have nine or 10 extra scans.

As well as the expense, the trend has raised fears that too many high-intensity scans may actually pose a threat to the foetus.While the recommended amount of scans is completely safe, some experts say it’s unclear what the effect of prolonged and frequent scans may be on unborn babies, particularly if the sonographer is untrained.

viability-scan

Is this ‘scanxiety’?

The research found more than one-third of mums who’ve had extra scans did so because they felt anxious about their baby, leading experts to dub the phenomenon ‘scanxiety’.

anxity

A further third just wanted to check on their baby without a medical reason, although most mums who paid for additional private scans (47%) did so out of concern for looking after their baby’s health.

Of these, 27% checked if the pregnancy was viable, 12% ensured that there were no abnormalities earlier than the NHS scan, and one in 10 had bled or felt the baby’s movement change, prompting them to get a scan.

Another 30% had a scan so they could discover their child’s gender early, while 15% just wanted to show their baby to friends and family.

The study found 18% of pregnant mums paying for scans opted for normal 2D scans, while one in 10 paid for 3D or 4D scans, which create a lifelike picture showing the baby’s features. A further 17% had a video made of their unborn child, and 1% even had a model made.

The RCM says that women needing extra assurance through additional scans is concerning.

“This type of reassurance and support is, and can, be provided by their midwife,” Jokinen points out.

“Anxieties caused by reliance on technology can have an impact on a woman’s pregnancy, causing undue stress and anxiety.”

To help reassure expectant mothers who want to discover what their baby looks like during each week of their pregnancy, ChannelMum has launched a Pregnancy Week by Week section on their website, which shows pregnancy videos – including real scan footage.

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Malaria breath test shows promise

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They had already tried out a crude prototype breathalyser in Africa, a tropical medicine conference heard.

The test was reasonably good at detecting cases in children, but needs developing to become a routine device.

malaria_breath_test

One of the odours it sniffs out is identical to a natural smell that attracts insects that spread malaria.They believe people with malaria who have this odour in their breath may also attract mosquitoes and infect more of the biting insects, which can then spread the disease to other people that they bite.

Distinct odour

The prototype breath test detects six different odours or volatile organic compounds to spot cases of malaria.

malaria-IL

The researchers tried it on breath samples from 35 feverish children in Malawi, some with and some without malaria.

It gave an accurate result in 29 of the children, meaning it had a success rate of 83%.This is still too low for the test to be used routinely, but the researchers hope they can improve its reliability and develop it into an off-the-shelf product.

Simple, rapid blood tests for malaria are already available, but they have limits, say the Washington University researchers.

Testing blood can be expensive and technically challenging in rural settings.

A non-invasive method of detection that does not require blood samples or technical expertise could be of great benefit.

Prof James Logan from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine said: “The rapid detection of asymptomatic malaria is a challenge for malaria control and will be essential as we move towards achieving the goal of malaria elimination. A new diagnostic tool, based on the detection of volatiles associated with malaria infection is exciting.”

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Differences between bacterial and viral tonsillitis

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Tonsillitis, or infection in the tonsils, is one of the most common types of infection in childhood. The tonsils are some glands that are located in the final part of the throat and when these are infected they suffer an inflammation and the appearance of plaques, together with other symptoms such as fever and sore throat.
We can differentiate two different types of tonsillitis. On the one hand we have viral type tonsillitis, and on the other hand, bacterial type.

Tonsilitis
The main difference that we can find between bacterial and viral tonsillitis is that in the first case the patient would need the use of antibiotics for their cure, while in the opposite case it would not be necessary, although there are many more factors that differentiate one from the other. The symptoms of tonsillitis are slightly different when it comes to a viral or bacterial infection.

 

Bacterial tonsillitis

Bacterial tonsillitis usually occurs more often in children over the age of five. The main sign of appearance is that it usually causes a very high fever, more than 39º, very quickly and very frequent spikes that can generate chills. In this case, the tonsils are very inflamed and with pus in the superficial zone, which can be diagnosed with only one scan. The lymph nodes are very inflamed and can be noticed with just touch. Finally, it is also very common in this type of tonsillitis to find a kind of red dots in the throat, also called palatal enanthem.
These usually appear, as a rule, in the autumn and winter and this type does not present any symptoms related to the cold or the cold, nor plaques in the throat.

bacterial_and_viral_tonsillitis

Viral tonsillitis

Viral tonsillitis is a type of throat infection that is much more frequent in children under three years of age. In addition to presenting plaques and severe pain in the throat, it appears along with symptoms such as fever, which in this case is not very high, and signs of colds such as cough, mucus in the nasal passages and red eyes, or conjunctivitis.

 

When the doctor performs the examination of the tonsils to determine the treatment and type of tonsillitis, if it is the virus typology the tonsils are usually red and very inflamed, but there is no pus. It is quite normal for there to be plaques or small ulcers or vesicles in the back of the throat. This type of tonsillitis is common that we find at any time of the year, it does not need to be autumn or winter to appear in our body.
In some cases, although it is not very frequent, tonsillitis can be derived and complicated in other more serious diseases. The infection may spread in the areas adjacent to the tonsils and degenerate into otitis or sinusitis, which will cause the patient to have to receive intravenous treatment. In the most extreme and less frequent cases, tonsillitis can result in rheumatic fever, inflammation of the kidney or toxic shock.
Detecting tonsillitis is quite simple, for this the specialist doctor will only have to perform a scan, to know what type of tonsillitis is involved. This is going to be fundamental when it comes to curing and treating this disease, since the medicines are not going to be the same. In the case of bacterial tonsillitis, we will include antibiotics in the treatment, and in the case of bacterial tonsillitis, no. Apart from using antibiotics there are also other general recommendations, such as administering anti-inflammatories and analgesics.

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10 herbs that can reduce anxiety and boost your health

These herbs, including turmeric, nettle leaves and ginger, can support the body and boost your immune system, relieve stress and re-balance the body. top 10 herbs given below:-
1. Holy basil
This helpful herb can relieve stress and anxiety, help with insomnia and boost energy. It’s great for people feeling rundown, exhausted and low.

2. Astragalus
Now that we are hitting the autumn season, flu and colds increase in circulation. This is where astragalus comes in – the herb helps boost your immune system by stimulating white blood cell production

Astragalus, Huang-qi, Astragalus membranaceus; membranous milkvetch;  mo-jia huang-qi; huangqi, huang qi; 拉丁名; 英文名

3. Nettle leaves
“Nettle is a superior tonic for treating exhaustion and fatigue,” Rachel told Mail Online. “For those who are debilitated by stress and suffering from depression and anxiety nettle’s high nutrient and cleansing constituents support the whole body but especially the nervous system.”

 

4. Gotu kola
Gotu kola soothes the nervous system and eases feelings of anxiety. And a daily dose of this herb can help protect the body from illness.

 

5. Rhodiola
Boosting the immune system is this herb’s main function, as well as improving fertility. “It restores immune function, balances blood sugar, energises the body to help lessen fatigue, and enhances fertility in both men and women,” Rachel adds.

 

6. Siberian ginseng

Anyone feeling exhausted should take Siberian ginseng, as it improves concentration and stamina.

 

7. Turmeric
Turmeric is a healing antioxidant that is beneficial for the skin, digestive system and fighting off inflammatory diseases.”Turmeric’s potential is held in such high esteem that it is being used in clinical trials to test its efficacy against serious illnesses including Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, cancer and to inhibit HIV.”

8. Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha is especially good for boosting energy, reducing stress and soothing anxiety.


9. Ginger
Ginger helps the body release toxins, and is well-known for improving digestion. It’s also a good ingredient to include when you have a cold.


10. Amla
Amla is officially a fruit, but it can be used to improve circulation, help with high cholesterol and smooth digestion.